QualityOne Vaults help you manage the risk associated with enterprise, operational, product, project, and customer processes in your business using QualityOne’s Risk Management feature within the QMS and HSE applications. Risk Management includes the ability to define risk levels using risk matrices, then assess related risks using risk registers. Risk Management supports creating and performing HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Studies) and P-FMEA (Process Failure Modes and Effects Analysis) types of risk studies. These tools help your organization remain compliant with the most up-to-date requirements for risk-based decision making, allowing you to control risks before they become a reality.

Depending on your Admin’s configuration, object, field, and section labels may appear differently than the labels mentioned in this article.

Risk Matrix

A Risk Matrix is a definition of risk based on severity and likelihood of occurance for two-dimensional matrices or severity, likelihood, and detectability for three-dimensional matrices. This allows your organization to assess, mitigate, and better control risk. Risk Matrix

How to Create a Risk Matrix

To create a Risk Matrix:

  1. Create a Risk Matrix record from a custom tab or from Business Admin > Objects > Risk Matrices.
  2. In the dialog, select a risk matrix type of qualitative or quantitative.
  3. Enter a Name for the matrix.
  4. Enter a Risk Matrix Dimension to specify whether the assessment uses 2D or 3D risk matrices.
    • If you use both 2D and 3D risk matrices in your Vault, Risk Matrix Dimension is required and cannot be changed after record creation. If you use only 2D or 3D matrices in your Vault, Risk Matrix Dimension is optional and may not be available.
  5. Click Save to create the new Risk Matrix.
  6. In the new Risk Matrix record, create and define related Severity, Likelihood, and Detectability (if in use) records.
  7. Define the color palette for your Risk Level records. These are the cells of your matrix chart.

Vault automatically creates Risk Matrix Setup records and populates fields with data from related Severity, Likelihood, Detectability (if in use), and Risk Level records.

Risk Registers

A Risk Register is a repository of risk-related events or opportunities that can potentially occur. These events or opportunities may require action to reduce their risk levels. The intent is to assess risks proactively and attempt to prevent them before they occur. Typically, a cross-functional team identifies potential risks and opportunities. This assessment typically takes place before, rather than after, a quality issue occurs. For example, a customer complaint, a hazardous incident, or a product nonconformance.

How to Create a Risk Register

To create a Risk Register:

  1. Create a Risk Register from the Risk Management > Risk Register tab or from Business Admin > Objects > Risk Registers.
  2. Create Risk Events within the register. Link a matrix to this event using the Risk Matrix field. For example, you could link an event to the “Supplier Risk Matrix”, when assessing a supplier-related risk.
  3. Depending on your selection for Risk Response, you may be required to take mitigation actions.

Example Risk Register Setup

You can use the following example steps to help set up your Risk Register:

  1. You create the “Cholecap Risk Register” record to manage risk related to introducing your new Cholecap product to the market. You want to assess the risk related to the distribution of your product, so you create a risk event and select your “Supplier Risk Matrix” as your definition of risk. Your matrix determines the Risk Level Before as “Low”. Risk Register
  2. Your organization’s risk response strategy is to mitigate all risk, so mitigation actions are necessary. You create a Mitigation Action record and use the Owner field to assign the action to a specific user.
  3. The assigned owner then completes the Mitigation Action task and describes the actions taken.
  4. In the Residual Risk lifecycle state of the Risk Event’s workflow, you then populate the Severity After field with “Slight Impact” and the Likelihood After field with “Rare” since the mitigation action helped reduce the severity of the risk as well as the likelihood the risk event will materialize. You also populate the Detectability After field with “Low Probability”. If the team agrees the risk has been reduced to an acceptable level, you can close the risk event. If not, additional risk treatment may be required where you can assign additional mitigation actions.

Your organization now has a Risk Event record of the risk assessment related to the identified risk event of this nature.

Risk Events

A Risk Event is an object record that describes a potential risk which may have a detrimental effect on the business should it occur on each Quality and HSE Event. Every risk event goes through a standard risk assessment whereby the risk is first identified, analyzed, and evaluated based on the definition of risk using a particular risk matrix. Then the risk is treated with mitigation activities, and any residual risk is assessed.

Critical Fields

Risk Events have several fields that help you describe the risk addressed through the risk assessment process:

  • Severity Before, Likelihood Before, and Detectability Before: These fields represent how severe, how likely, and how detectable the risk event is before you complete any mitigation actions. Detectability Before is only available in Vaults with three-dimensional matrices enabled.
  • Severity After, Likelihood After, and Detectability After: These fields represent how severe, how likely, and how detectable the risk event is after you complete mitigation actions. The effectiveness of the mitigating activities will help to assess residual (remaining) risk after the mitigation actions are fully executed. Detectability Before is only available in Vaults with three-dimensional matrices enabled.
  • Risk Level Before and Risk Level After: Vault populates these fields based on the definition of the Risk Level cell from the selected risk matrix.

Mitigation Actions

The Mitigation Action object type helps you take steps to avoid, mitigate, or transfer identified risks. You can assign these mitigation actions to users in your Vault, provide due dates, and describe what the assignee must do to mitigate the risk.

You can create Mitigation Actions from Risk Event records.

After completing any mitigation actions, use the Actions Taken field to give specific details on the actions you took. This field is crucial for determining Severity After, Likelihood After, and Detectability After on the related Risk Event.

Quality & HSE Events

Quality Events and HSE Events capture quality issues and incidental hazards to help identify potential risks. You can associate NCR and HSE Events from Risk Event records to provide visibility and identification for risk assessment.

Risk Study

A Risk Study is an object record that captures risk methodologies such as HAZOP and P-FMEA . HAZOP is a risk study that identifies and analyzes potential hazards and operability issue nodes within the system, personnel, and equipment. P-FMEA is a risk study that identifies and analyzes potential process failure modes and their causes and effects on business processes. Using either of these types of risk studies allows you to detail and assess potential study risks. Each risk scenario you identify is assigned a score based on the Risk Matrix. Vault uses the score to calculate the RPN (Risk Priority Number), allowing you to easily decide to accept the risk or create a Mitigation Action for the risk analysis.

How to Copy a Risk Study

You can save time and effort starting a new Risk Study by copying the details from a completed Risk Study using the Copy Risk Study action; your action name may vary. This action differs from the Copy Record action as it copies the hierarchy of a Risk Study and its related records by cloning the Risk Study, HAZOP Node, FMEA Process Step, and Risk Analysis records for Risk Study, HAZOP, and P-FMEA.

To copy a completed Risk Study, navigate to the appropriate Risk Study record and select Copy Risk Study from the All Actions menu. When the copy is complete, you’ll receive a notification that the Risk Study has been created with a link to the new record.